CQL | The Council on Quality and Leadership

Glossary of Terms: D

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Developmental Delay
A term referring to a disorder where a child under the age of five where learning and motor skills develop slower than expected

Developmental Disability
Any mental and/or physical disability starting before the age of 22 and continuing indefinitely

Direct support staff / Direct Support Professionals
Those who provide guidance and support to people who need help to be self-sufficient; provide support to a wide range of individuals including people with disabilities or chronic illness, children and youth who are at risk, and families who need assistance in supporting family members

Is used according to its definition in Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 which is: an individual who either 1) has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more of that person's major life activities, 2) has a record of such an impairment, or 3) is regarded as having such an impairment

A general term used for a functional limitation that interferes with a person's ability, for example, to walk, lift, heal or learn; it may refer to a physical, sensory or mental condition

Disability Rights
The same rights as all citizens in the right to have an independent life and equal rights to education, employment, cultural life, the right to own and inherit property, not be discriminated against in housing, marriage, children, etc.

Disability Standards
Measures by which disability or human service organizations are evaluated

Down Syndrome
A chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome that causes delays in physical and intellectual development

A language disorder in which there is an impairment of speech and of comprehension of speech caused by brain damage